Like all patients with chronic disease patients are best managed in a comprehensive multi-disciplinary program of care. As the Malaria Epidemic attacked people of these countries, carriers of the defective hemoglobin gene survived. When taken daily, the medicine hydroxyurea has been found to decrease the number and severity of acute chest events.
All people who have had surgical removal of the spleen, called a splenectomy, or a past infection with pneumococcus should keep taking penicillin throughout life. This single nucleotide change produces a single amino acid change: Sickle-Cell Anemia is caused by an error in the gene that tells the body how to make hemoglobin.
Some patients may have fewer visits to the hospital or hospitalizations due to severe pain and may have shorter hospital stays for pain crises if they are taking L-glutamine oral powder Endari compared with patients who are not taking this medicine.
Sickle Cell trait AS is an inherited condition in which both hemoglobin A and S are made in the red blood cells, there are always more A than S.
If there is extensive damage to the spleen, it may leave patients struggling with infections. Preteens will experience delayed puberty and growth.
People with sickle cell have red blood cells that have mostly hemoglobin's, Sometimes these red blood cells become sickle-shaped or crescent shaped and have trouble going through small blood vessels. Pregnant women should not use hydroxyurea. Red blood cells containing mostly hemoglobin S do not live as long as normal red blood cells normally about 16 days.
This was achieved by Vernon Ingram and J. The most common are: If both parents have the gene it can be fatal. It is an autosomal recessive disorder. Taliafero and Huck first recognized that the sickling phenomenon was an inherited condition in Another sign is that children may show delayed growth and development.
If one parent has the sickle trait and the other parent is normal than sickle cell is beneficial if their children end up with only one of the genes. Monitoring includes regular blood testing and dose adjustments. When sickle-shaped cells block small blood vessels, less blood can get to that part of the body.
Cold weather causes vasoconstriction of the blood vessels causing the sickle cells to become further obstructed, decreasing the oxygen and a sickle cell crisis will usually follow.
Normal red blood cells appear to be donut-shaped and smooth in texture, these cells pass through any blood vessel with ease.
Symptoms of stroke may include: Return to Signs, Symptoms, and Complications to review possible complications from sickle cell disease. Their red blood cells, containing some abnormal hemoglobin, tend to sickle when they are infected by the malaria parasite.
Acute chest syndrome People who have sickle cell disease and symptoms of acute chest syndrome should see their doctor or go to a hospital right away. Their bodies will have a harder time fighting off infections that the spleen would destroy.
The retina can deteriorate because it does not receive the proper nutrients that it needs. Hydroxyurea is a well-known drug, however its use in sickle cell disease is relatively new and must be approached with caution.
These people should also be referred as soon as possible for special care. The defective gene instructs the body to make abnormal hemoglobin, which then causes the red blood cells to take strange shapes.
If pain persists, many patients find that they need a stronger medicine. Sickle cell trait is not a type of sickle cell disease.
Sickle Cell Anemia Stroke is anther serious possible consequence of this disease. Clinical stroke People who have sickle cell disease and have symptoms of stroke should be brought to the hospital right away by an ambulance.
These possibilities should be discussed with the primary care doctor, a blood specialist called a hematologist, or a genetic counselor. In this case, doctors try to treat the complication causing the pain. While the HbS gene is usually found in Africa, yet there is very little evidence and reporting of this gene in African medical literature until the s.
Sickle Cell Anemia Dennis Martin Jersey College School of Nursing Pediatric Nursing NUR Ms.
Fran Davis September 30, Abstract Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a multisystem disease, associated with episodes of acute illness and progressive organ damage, and is one of the most common severe monogenic disorders worldwide.
Physiology Of Flight Term Paper DERYL OMATSEYE Everglades University Mr. Kirk Webster Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle cell anemia or also known as sickle cell disease is a hereditary genetic disease defined by the presence of odd shaped crescent-shaped red blood cells.
Sickle Cell Sickle Cell Disorder Research Paper Sickle cell anemia is a disease passed down through families in which red blood cells form an abnormal sickle or crescent shape. Sickle cell anemia POWER POINT 3 SLIDES.
Develop a care plan that addresses the following: Identify expected outcomes for an adult client living with this childhood condition. - Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle cell anemia is caused by a defect in the gene that controls the production of normal hemoglobin, which is an iron-containing protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to body tissues.
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